Rhythm and Memory for Speech

This post was co-written with my fellow authors Mark Hurlstone and Graham Hitch.

Today we published an important paper in Cognitive Psychology. The paper is significant because it explains a link between rhythm and memory in terms of a common mechanism that connects speech processing, verbal learning and language development to rhythmic oscillations in brain activity.

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First Impressions Count, But How?

Today we published a paper in PNAS about how people form first impressions based on everyday images of faces, of the kind you find on the internet.

The four authors (L-R), Richard Vernon, Clare Sutherland, Andy Young and Tom Hartley - we also co-wrote this blog post. Underneath are reconstructions of photos of our faces which can be loosely thought of illustrating the way such images are “seen” by our model. They are actually reconstructions based on the 65 numbers we used to describe each face, using a model trained on a large number of such images (but not these ones). Note the subtle differences in shape between the photos and the reconstructed image - the model does not (yet) capture some of the information.
The four authors (L-R), Richard Vernon, Clare Sutherland, Andy Young and Tom Hartley – we also co-wrote this blog post. Underneath are reconstructions of photos of our faces which can be loosely thought of illustrating the way such images are “seen” by our model. They are actually reconstructions based on the 65 numbers we used to describe each face, using a model trained on a large number of such images (but not these ones). Note the subtle differences in shape between the photos and the reconstructed image – the features we use do not (yet) capture some of the information in the images, but sufficient for the model to make accurate predictions about social impressions.

By first impressions we mean the way we rapidly form judgements about others’ social characteristics. Although we can make an astonishing range of social inferences based on appearance (trustworthiness, intelligence, dominance, extraversion etc.) these different traits tend to go together in predictable ways, so that they fall along two or three more or less independent underlying dimensions:

  • approachability (do they want to help me or to harm me?)
  • dominance (are they capable of carrying out these intentions?)
  • youthful-attractiveness (perhaps representing whether they’d be a good romantic partner – or a rival!)

These judgements are formed very quickly (in as little as a tenth of a second) and can influence our subsequent behaviour. The impressions we create through images of our faces (“avatars”/“selfies”) are increasingly important in a world where, more and more, we get to know one another online rather than in the flesh. So how can we go from an image of a face to a judgement about someone’s character?

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Dr Who or Professor Who? On Academic Email Etiquette

This post was provoked by a discussion with a UK-based professor (let’s call her Rebecca Smith, not her real name) who mentioned on twitter that she had received an inquiry about a PhD application by email from someone addressing her as “Hey Rebecca!” Was this a faux-pas on the applicant’s part?

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